Issues of ecology have become very hard, and even the term eco-sustainability has become increasingly relevant in analyzing any architecture that requires humans to reduce the impact of their type of activity. Nevertheless, any intervention in nature will be viewed in terms of eco-sustainability, including information technology. Today, there is such a community as Green IT.
Green IT has one primary task, such as productive help to redistribute the irreplaceable energy that Green Information Technology and computing regulate. Currently, different IT fields have a ratio of 0.36%. This indicator indicates that one unit of computation and data transmission uses energy that gives 0.36 percent. The goal of Green IT is to extend this ratio.
The first factor we should consider is optimizing energy consumption for calculation and optimization. Today, Core Duo uses 90 W to implement its functioning. However, there is also the Athlon 200GE, which only uses 25 watts. That is, computing operations prefer to use processors of the second type, which were developed with little power consumption function.
When processors are not busy performing their primary functions, they are not used and consume a certain amount of resources. If companies have no choice but to use powerful processors with high power consumption, they should minimize costs during the inactivity phase.
The second area that directly affects information technology is called Green Telecom. This is a medium of data transmission that also requires electricity. To solve this problem, there are several global initiatives. One of them will help specialists to increase the speed of data transmission by 10.000 times, and they will not use the cost of electricity in doing so. However, scientists from Japan have been able to reach such a target of 1000 so far. However, there are a few new technologies too.
The third direction is data storage. All those files that travel from one device to another pass the storage phase on disks. If you disconnect these disks from the network, you will lose connection. Today, the cost of data storage has become more significant. To solve this problem, scientists should create green memory elements.
What it will look like in the future
The semiconductor format will remain as the binary arithmetic is currently unparalleled. This means that the computer system will require standard parts to work with. Replacement of the entire system will only be possible with the further development of nanotechnology when the effects of the transition are transferred to the molecular level, which will allow a change in the data transfer and storage format. At the same time, you should remember that the use of hazardous materials is unacceptable. So, gallium arsenide is the most energy-efficient material, which is also extremely poisonous.
The notion of sustainable human development goes back to Vernadsky and his predecessors, who created the general theory of systems. All these factors have become obsolete from the point of view of today’s green IT. Today, this development has become part of the life of modern man, and without it, our community would lose a lot of benefits. Yet the evolution of technology is still slower than the demands of activists struggling to keep the planet clean. Sooner or later, the eco-sustainability of information technology will be increased, but we will need some significant financial investments in the IT industry.