Figure 1: Montreal
In 2004, to halt the annual loss of 75 hectares of woodlands, the Canadian city of Montreal identified 10 areas larger than 15 hectares in which to prioritize the protection and enhancement of natural spaces. These "ecoterritories" comprise core zones (pockets of biodiversity), protective buffers, and ecological corridors and include a mix of existing protected areas and other natural spaces, in private as well as public hands. With public consultation and the cooperation of landowners, the city has engaged in several conservation initiatives in the ecoterritories.
Source: Policy on the protection and enhancement of natural habitats
Figure 2: Masdar
Photo of the master plan of the city of Masdar, United Arab Emirates. Some cities are starting to change their ways. They are taxing wastes, encouraging renewable energies, promoting car sharing, and optimising natural sources of light. The best examples are in urban eco-areas such as Copenhagen's Vesterbro (Denmark), London's Beddington Zero Energy Development (UK), Vauban in Freiburg im Breisgau (Germany), and the Eva Lanxmeer quarter in the City of Culemborg (The Netherlands). These areas are designed to be carbon neutral and to promote concepts of eco-citizenship, encouraging people to improve their own well-being by preserving the environment. "Cities of tomorrow" are also beginning to emerge—cities that are ecological and technological at the same time.
Source: Masdar Initiative